CMTS Role in U.S. Ocean Policy
"The world's ocean basins are critical to the success of our Nation and, indeed, to life on Earth. The ocean powers our economy, provides food for billions of people, supplies 50 percent of the world’s oxygen, offers recreational opportunities for us to enjoy, and regulates weather patterns and our global climate system." President Joe Biden, June 1, 2021
To make recommendations and identify areas where common interests and goals exist between CMTS and Domestic Ocean Policy Initiatives.
The CMTS aims to support ocean policy initiatives as it relates to the MTS.
The MTS is a critical component of national ocean policy, and the CMTS offers expertise and an established forum with a proven track record of facilitating inter-departmental cooperation and collaboration.
The CMTS Executive Secretariat will continue to be involved in the Science & Technology and Ocean Resource Management subcommittees under the Ocean Policy Committee and other USG initiatives.
Chronology of Ocean Policy
- January 2021: Implementation Plan for the National Strategy for Ocean Mapping, Exploring, and Characterizing the United States Exclusive Economic Zone
- August 2020: Office Of Coast Survey Contributions to a National Ocean Mapping Strategy
- June 2020: National Strategy for Mapping, Exploring, and Characterizing the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone.
- June 2020: A Strategy for Mapping the Arctic and Sub-Arctic Shoreline and Nearshore of Alaska
- June 2020: Recommendations for Increasing the Efficiency of Permitting for Ocean Exploration, Mapping, and Research Activities
- November 2019: President issues memorandum on "Ocean Mapping of the United States Exclusive Economic Zone and the Shoreline and Nearshore of Alaska" with oversight by OSTP and the Ocean Policy Committee.
- September 2018: The CMTS and the Wilson Center Polar Initiative hosted the Ocean Policy Roundtable, “What’s Maritime Transportation Got to Do with It?” at the Wilson Center. Panelists provided their unique perspective on where marine transportation fits into the wider discussion of ocean policy. They highlighted the need for not just a whole-of-government approach, but also a cooperative international approach to maximize efforts in ensuring sustainable use of the ocean while maintaining a healthy and growing marine transportation system. Ultimately, the conversations concluded that the maritime transportation system is incredibly vital to ocean policy. To learn more, please view the footage of this event.
- June 2018: President Donald Trump signed Executive Order 13840: Executive Order Regarding the Ocean Policy to Advance the Economic, Security, and Environmental Interests of the United States. This Executive Order replaces the NOC with the OPC and places a focus on the ocean economy and the sharing of ocean-related data, specifically through Marine Cadastre.
- December 2017: United Nations declared that a Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development would be held from 2021 to 2030. This Decade will provide a common framework to ensure that ocean science can fully support countries to achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. https://ioc.unesco.org/ocean-decade.
- July 2011: The U.S. Marine Transportation System in the National Ocean Policy: Response of the Committee on the Marine Transportation System was approved by the CMTS Coordinating Board and transmitted to the Chair of the NOC. This document outlines the role of the CMTS in ocean policy, especially as an aid to the NOC in facilitating interagency collaboration and providing recommendations. This response was formulated with the help of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of the Secretary of Transportation, U.S. Maritime Administration, and U.S. Transportation Command.
- July 2010: President Barack Obama signed Executive Order 13547: Stewardship of the Ocean, Our Coasts, and the Great Lakes. This executive order established the NOC, and placed an emphasis on environmental protections for the oceans, scientific exploration of the ocean, and promotion of public understanding. This executive order was closely aligned with the recommendations from the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force.
- July 2010: Final Recommendations Of The Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force were presented to President Barack Obama by the White House Council on Environmental Quality. This set of final recommendations included an emphasis on environmental stewardship, the role of oceans in relation to the global economy, and a scientific understanding of ocean environments to inform policy.
- January 2005: U.S. Ocean Action Plan was published by the Bush Administration to guide on national ocean policy. This plan built upon Executive Order 13366 and provided the following areas of focus: ocean leadership and coordination, understanding of oceans, coasts, and Great Lakes, use and conservation of ocean, coastal and Great Lakes resources, managing coasts and watersheds, supporting maritime transportation, and international ocean science and policy.
- June 2004: President George W. Bush signed Executive Order 13366 to establish the Committee on Ocean Policy. This body was developed to coordinate executive departments on ocean-related matters and is led by the Chairman of the White House Council on Environmental Quality. The committee was charged with focusing on the use of science, collection of information through structures like Global Earth Observation System of Systems, and dissemination of information.
- Executive Order 13840: Executive Order Regarding the Ocean Policy to Advance the Economic, Security, and Environmental Interests of the United States
- Marine Cadastre
- The U.S. Marine Transportation System in the National Ocean Policy: Response of the Committee on the Marine Transportation System
- Executive Order 13547: Stewardship of the Ocean, Our Coasts, and the Great Lakes
- Final Recommendations Of The Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force
- U.S. Ocean Action Plan
- Executive Order 13366: Committee on Ocean Policy